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Mia Hill

Hi there! My name is Mia Hill, Ever since I was a young girl, I've had a deep love for rabbits. After graduating, I started my career at a local animal hospital. I quickly gained a reputation as the "rabbit expert"

How to Tell When Your Rabbit is Pregnant: 6 Vet-Approved Signs & FAQs


Is the pitter-patter of tiny bunny feet in the future for your pet rabbit? Welcoming baby rabbits into the family is an exciting and heartwarming experience. However, understanding the signs of pregnancy and providing proper care for your pregnant rabbit is essential to ensuring the health and happiness of both the mother and her newborns. One crucial aspect is knowing how to tell when your rabbit is pregnant.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the key signs and symptoms of rabbit pregnancy, the phenomenon of false pregnancies, and how to care for your pregnant rabbit in terms of housing, feeding, and emotional support. We’ll also discuss the birthing process and how to care for newborn rabbits, as well as the benefits of spaying or neutering your rabbit to prevent unwanted litters and promote good health.

Key Takeaways

  • Recognize key signs and symptoms of pregnancy in your rabbit to ensure their wellbeing.

  • Provide proper housing, nutrition, and emotional support for pregnant rabbits to ensure a successful pregnancy.

  • Spaying or neutering can help prevent unwanted litters while providing health benefits for your pet.

Recognizing Pregnancy in Your Rabbit: Key Signs and Symptoms

A female rabbit with a large belly, indicating that she is pregnant

Detecting pregnancy in rabbits can be a bit tricky, as the signs are often subtle and can be easily missed. Nonetheless, it is essential to recognize the signs of pregnancy to provide suitable care, safeguarding the health of the mother rabbit and her unborn litter.

The three main indicators of rabbit pregnancy include weight gain, mood changes, and nesting behavior.

Weight Gain and Increased Appetite

A pregnant rabbit will typically gain weight and exhibit an increased appetite as her body prepares to nourish her growing babies. Keeping a close eye on your rabbit’s weight is a good way to determine if she’s pregnant. You can weigh her weekly to monitor her progress during pregnancy.

Remember, a healthy rabbit weight involves a visible body size that is neither too large nor too small, ribs that can be easily felt, and good muscle tone.

Mood Changes and Aggression

Another key sign of pregnancy in rabbits is mood changes. Pregnant rabbits, especially intact female rabbits, may become more protective and devoted. This can manifest as:

  • Increased levels of protection and care for their environment

  • Increased aggression towards other rabbits or animals

  • Increased nesting behavior, such as digging or rearranging bedding

  • Increased grooming of themselves or other rabbits

It is beneficial to monitor their behavior for signs of pregnancy, especially if they have been around both an intact male and another one.

Be aware that a rabbit’s mood can fluctuate even when not pregnant, hence the need for close behavioral observation.

Nesting Behavior and Fur Pulling

Nesting behavior is a sure sign that a rabbit is pregnant and preparing to welcome her new family. Pregnant rabbits will often create nests by:

  • Piling up bedding

  • Digging in the corner of their enclosure

  • Carrying items like hay in their mouth

  • Piling blankets and other materials into one area to make a cozy nest.

They may also pull out their fur to line the nest, ensuring a comfortable and warm environment for their babies.

False Pregnancies in Rabbits

A female rabbit with a large belly, indicating that she is pregnant and a male rabbit with intact reproductive organs

Even though we’ve explored the primary pregnancy signs in rabbits, it’s worth mentioning that female rabbits can undergo false pregnancies. In these cases, unspayed female rabbits display behaviors similar to real pregnancies, such as nesting and mood changes, without the presence of a growing female rabbit’s belly.

False pregnancies can be caused by the natural reproductive process of ovulation, interactions with other rabbits, or being in a stressful environment. Often, these signs of false pregnancy last for two to three weeks. It is usually not longer than that.

Caring for Your Pregnant Rabbit: Housing, Feeding, and Support

A mother rabbit with her babies in a nest box

After confirming your rabbit’s pregnancy, the focus should shift towards delivering the necessary care and support during this significant phase. Taking your pet rabbit to the vet for a check-up is a great first step to ensure she’s in the best possible health.

In addition to veterinary care, you’ll also need to consider your rabbit’s housing, nutrition, and emotional support during her pregnancy.

Housing Requirements

An image showing a pregnant rabbit nesting in a cozy hutch, indicating how to tell when your rabbit is pregnant

It’s vital to establish a secure and comfortable habitat for your pregnant rabbit. She will need plenty of room to build a comfortable nest and a separate area to relax and enjoy her privacy while still having quick and easy access to the nest.

A spacious and secure cage, crate, or hutch that is a minimum of 25-30 inches by 15 inches should be provided. For the nest box, great options include a cat litter pan filled with hay or bedding, other plastic containers with a side cut out of them, or wooden boxes.

Proper Nutrition

A pregnant rabbit’s dietary needs will change during her pregnancy. She will benefit from increased fresh vegetables, such as carrots, celery, and kale, to help her stay healthy and strong.

Additionally, transitioning her to alfalfa hay gradually can provide extra nutrition for her growing babies. Freshwater, ideally in a bowl, should be offered as usual to ensure her well-being.

Providing Emotional Support

Pregnant rabbits, especially when she’s pregnant and in the presence of male rabbits, can become particularly sensitive and vulnerable, hence the need to provide emotional support for their comfort and wellness. In this context, it is crucial to be cautious with an intact male rabbit around pregnant rabbits, as this will be essential in welcoming baby rabbits into a safe environment.

Creating a peaceful and cozy atmosphere, handling them gently, and talking to them in a soothing voice can help give emotional support to a pregnant rabbit.

The Birthing Process and Newborn Care

Comprehending the labor and delivery process in rabbits is key to facilitating a seamless and safe experience for the mother rabbit and her newborns.

Additionally, knowing how to care for baby rabbits, especially newborn ones, is crucial to their health and development as young rabbits.

Labor and Delivery

Rabbit labor is usually a quick and efficient process, taking only about 30 minutes. The average gestation period for rabbits is a remarkable 28 to 32 days, and depending on the breed, a rabbit can give birth to four to twelve babies in a litter.

Indicators of forthcoming labor encompass decreased appetite and nesting behaviors, like fur pulling. Immediate consultation with a veterinarian is necessary if you observe any complications or concerns during labor.

Caring for Newborn Rabbits

Newborn rabbits require proper care to foster their healthy growth and development. Monitoring the feeding, warmth, and growth of newborns is crucial. Look for plump tummies in the morning and a warm nest, which are sure signs that the baby bunnies are being cared for.

A mother rabbit showing signs of not lactating should be promptly taken to a vet experienced in rabbit care. Doing so will ensure that she receives the best possible treatment and can provide the necessary rabbit milk to her offspring.

Spaying or Neutering Your Rabbit: Health Benefits and Prevention of Unwanted Litters

A male and female rabbit with intact reproductive organs

Having your rabbit spayed or neutered brings multiple benefits for you and your pet. Not only can it help prevent unwanted litter, but it can also promote good health and address some behavioral issues.

Spaying female rabbits can reduce the risk of uterine cancer by 50% to 80% (depending on breed) by the time they are six years old. Spaying or neutering your rabbit can also help reduce aggressive and territorial behaviors, making them less likely to spray urine, scatter poops, or act aggressively and bite.


In conclusion, understanding the signs and symptoms of rabbit pregnancy and providing proper care for your pregnant rabbit is crucial to ensure the health and happiness of both the mother and her newborns. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can create a nurturing and supportive environment for your rabbit family. May the pitter-patter of tiny bunny feet bring joy and love to your home!

Frequently Asked Questions

How soon can you tell if a rabbit is pregnant?

You can feel the baby bunnies, which are marble-sized bumps in the belly, after 10-12 days post-breeding, allowing you to tell if your rabbit is pregnant soon.

What noises do pregnant rabbits make?

Pregnant rabbits often communicate through a combination of hissing, whining, and whimpering to ward off other rabbits. Additionally, they may make a “weeping sound” that is an indicative sign of pregnancy.

Do all rabbits pull fur when pregnant?

Rabbits typically pull fur from their bodies when pregnant in order to create a cozy nest for their babies. This preparation usually happens days before giving birth, although some wait until the last half an hour! This behavior is a testament to the mother rabbit’s dedication to her young. She will do whatever it takes to ensure her babies are safe and comfortable. It’s a beautiful example of maternal instinct.

Is day 30 still no baby rabbits?

It’s likely your rabbit is almost done with their pregnancy by day 30, but if there are still no baby rabbits, don’t worry – sometimes pregnancies can last up to a few days longer!

What are the main signs of rabbit pregnancy?

Rabbits often experience weight gain, mood changes, and nesting behavior when pregnant, so these are the primary signs to look out for.

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